In Chicago and across the country, whites looking to achieve the American dream could rely on a legitimate credit system backed by the government. Blacks were herded into the sights of unscrupulous lenders who took them for money and for sport. “It was like people who like to go out and shoot lions in Africa. It was the same thrill,” a housing attorney told the historian Beryl Satter in her 2009 book, Family Properties. “The thrill of the chase and the kill.”
Poverty in America is an enormous problem. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, 15 percent of Americans, or 46.5 million people, lived below the poverty line in 2012. And the poor are increasingly isolated across America. As Sean Reardon and Kendra Bischoff have documented, between 1970 and 2009 the proportion of poor families living in poor neighborhoods more than doubled, from 8 to 18 percent. And the trend shows no signs of abating.
During his 2004 Senate run and again during the 2008 presidential campaign, Barack Obama stood firm in his opposition to reparations for the descendants of enslaved Africans here in the United States. "I have said in the past - and I'll repeat again - that the best reparations we can provide are good schools in the inner city and jobs for people who are unemployed," he said in 2008 right before his historic election.
Which side of history do you stand on? Do you stand with the Fugitive Slave Act of 1850 that made every neighborhood watched by the slave patrols. Do you stand with the courts, police and juries that time and time again acquitted anyone accused of lynching a Black person? Do you stand with the White Citizenship Councils who were the most “respected” men of their community, who defended Jim Crow apartheid? Do you stand with the Klu Klux Klan who were the first to make the argument that the Voting Rights Act and Affirmative Action gave “special rights” to Blacks, an argument that quickly became a rally crying for white Americans around the country.
“Let me tell you what this verdict means to me,” he said. He was the only Black person in our circle of mostly white friends, and we had gathered together, enraged confused and in pain. “I know we all believe in social justice, but for me to be here with you, I need to tell you what this night means to me as Black person.”
Nicknamed the Black Panthers, a new self-defence brigade wants to protect themselves from racists who are targeting people who are not ethnic Greeks Michael Chege (Screengrab from Channel 4) Michael Chege (Screengrab from Channel 4) Fed up of being the target of Golden Dawn gangs, a group of Athens residents has decided to take on the extremists by setting up night-time patrols in their neighbourhoods.
Robert Huber's front page Philadelphia Magazine article entitled 'Being White In Philly' says a lot about the values and sensibilities of the bourgeois press in this city. We wonder how such a spiteful and ugly article made its way not only through the editing process but onto the front page of a "prestigious" Philadelphia magazine.
This month, over twenty students enrolled in the “Dismantling Racism” class offered by St. Catherine University in Minnesota traveled to the San Francisco Bay Area. The class focused primarily on California’s prisons and what anti-prison activists are doing to challenge the human rights violations and racism endemic to California’s infamous prison system.
Black defendants are assigned greater bail levels than whites accused of similar offenses. To investigate whether this difference can be explained without taste-baseddiscrimination, we construct a simple model of optimal bail setting. We develop a two-step econometric method that allows us to estimate the model while holding constant defendant heterogeneity that judges can observe, even when we do not. In return for making the behavioral model’s relatively weak parametric assumptions, we are able to allow an arbitrary conditional distribution of such heterogeneity.
The Black Panther Party. They built free clinics. The fed children. They educated themselves and a myriad of others. The kept an eye on the police. They picked up the gun to defend themselves and their people. They influenced an untold number of peopple. They scared the beejeezus out of the oppresors and the explooiters, the racists, and, yes, the pigs. They stood tall. They were targeted by COINTELPRO, attacked, shot, jailed, murdered. They withstood it and they led. The Black Panther Party.